Coronavirus (COVID-19) Quick Links
The CDC’s YouTube Channel has a series of videos regarding COVID-19, including audio from Partner calls.
This interactive web-based dashboard from Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering tracks COVID-19 in real-time.
What You Need To Know
What is Coronavirus?
The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new virus that leads to respiratory illness and can spread from person-to-person.
What are the symptoms?
Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.
The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.
How can the Coronavirus spread?
The human coronaviruses spread just like the flu or a cold:
- Through the air by coughing or sneezing.
- Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands.
- Touching an object or surface with the virus on it.
- Occasionally, fecal contamination.
How can I protect myself?
- Cover coughs or sneezes with your elbow. Do not use your hands!
- Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
- Clean surfaces frequently, including countertops, light switches, cell phones, remotes, and other often touched items.
- Find out more about what makes a good disinfectant.
- Contain: if you are sick, stay home until you are feeling better.
What we are doing.
- We are providing COVID-19 information and preventive tips in the library.
- We are increasing the frequency of disinfection on hard surfaces in the library, including Door handles, countertops, chairs, furniture, and computers.
- We are encouraging people to use hand sanitizer and washing with soap and water.
- We are encouraging staff to stay home when they are sick.
Stop the spread of germs by washing your hands.
Having clean hands is the most effective way to avoid getting sick, and stop the spread of germs is to wash your hands.
If soap and water are not available, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
The CDC recommends you follow these five steps every time.
- Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
- Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
- Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.
- Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
- Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
Q: Are pregnant women more susceptible to infection, or at increased risk for severe illness, morbidity, or mortality with COVID-19, compared with the general public?
There is no data to say for sure. Among the many changes women experience during pregnancy, there are changes to their immune system which may make them more susceptible to viral infections including COVID-19
Q: Can pregnant women with COVID-19 pass the virus to their fetus or newborn (i.e., vertical transmission)?
Experts believe COVID-19 is to be spread by close contact with an infected person. The risk of transmission is still unknown, but infants recently born to COVID-19 mothers have not been born with the virus. Testing of amniotic fluid and breast milk has not found the virus.
Q: Are children more susceptible to the virus that causes COVID-19 compared with the general population, and how can infection be prevented?
No, there is no evidence that children are more susceptible. Children should engage in usual preventive actions to avoid infection, including frequently cleaning their hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer, avoiding people who are sick and staying up to date on vaccinations, including influenza vaccine.
Be sure to communicate with local health departments and other officials.
Additional resources can be found on the Pennsylvania Department of Health’s guidance for Education page.
Perform routine environmental cleaning.
- Routinely clean frequently surfaces (e.g., doorknobs, light switches, countertops, etc.)
- Provide disposable wipes so common surfaces (e.g., keyboards, desks, remote controls) can be wiped down by students and staff before each use.
Monitor for absenteeism.
- Look for patterns in absenteeism and alert local health officials.
- Encourage staff and students to stay home when they are sick.
Know what to do if someone gets sick.
- If someone gets sick on-site or while there, send them home as soon as possible.
- Keep anyone who is sick away from others until they can leave.
- Temporarily cancel extracurricular group activities and large events.
- Ensure continuity of education.
- Consider ways to continue meal programs, essential medical and social services.
Resources for Libraries.
A Guide to COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) for Public Libraries from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine.
Blame and Discrimination Attached to COVID-19—An FAQ for US Elected Leaders and Health Officials (PDF) When fear of disease and fear of others collide from The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security.
Evidence Aid offers a comprehensive page with hundreds of links to resources.
Pandemics: Library Planning and Responding webinar from Libraries 2.0.
The American Library Association’s Pandemic Preparedness page.
The Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC) has published its Best Practices for Cleaning Play and Learn Spaces.
WHO has a great myth busters infographic page on COVID-19.
Additional Resources and Peer-Reviewed Citations
“2019 Novel Coronavirus.” World Health Organization, 2019, www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
Allen, Claire. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Resources. 18 Feb. 2020, www.evidenceaid.org/coronavirus-resources/. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“Coronavirus (Covid-19) — NEJM.” New England Journal of Medicine, 2020, www.nejm.org/coronavirus. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“Coronavirus (COVID-19): Evidence Relevant to Critical Care.” Cochrane Library, 11 Feb. 2020, www.cochranelibrary.com/collections/doi/SC000039/full, SC000039. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“COVID-19 Resource Centre.” The Lancet, 2019, www.thelancet.com/coronavirus. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
Library 2.0. “Pandemics: Library Planning and Responding.” Library20.Com, 2020, www.library20.com/pandemics. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health.” Nih.Gov, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2019, www.nlm.nih.gov/index.html#Novel_Coronavirus. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“Outbreak Science Rapid PREreview.” Prereview.Org, 2020, outbreaksci.prereview.org/. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
Schoch-Spana, Monica, et al. “Center for Blame and Discrimination Attached to 2019-NCoV- An FAQ for US Elected Leaders and Health Officials What Is Social Stigma in the Context of a Disease Outbreak?” www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/resources/COVID-19/200205-nCoV-leadersAgainstStigma.pdf. 5 Feb. 2020.
The Elsevier Community. “Novel Coronavirus Information Center.” Elsevier Connect, Elsevier, 27 Jan. 2020, www.elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
“Pandemic Preparedness.” Tools, Publications & Resources, 15 Jan. 2020, www.ala.org/tools/atoz/pandemic-preparedness. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
Young, Charles. “Novel Coronavirus – Wiley Online Library.” Novel Coronavirus, 2020, novel-coronavirus.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/. Accessed 10 Mar. 2020.
Updated 03/11/2020 ~BKD